アメリカのAdler Graduate Schoolに留学中のMAKOTOさんから、前回紹介した動画で、アドラーが喋っている内容を書いて送ってくれました。
Two short clips of Alfred Adler, filmed about 1935
The socially mistaken pattern is built up in the first four or five years. Mostly we find reasons for it such as imperfect organs, or that the child had been pampered, or that we find hated children as among orphans sometimes, illegitimate children, ugly children, not wanted children, and so on.
This pattern is fixed and can be changed only if we are able to convince this child about their mistakes or later in life where we could eliminate the mistakes in their patterns. In preventive, work we can reduce such mistaken patterns by educating children rightly.
We could make the school an instrument of social progress to recognize the mistakes in their beginning and to accomplish more social interest among the pupils. Later in life, it is more difficult and it requires individual treatment to convince such a person and how to change him.
In this way, we are sure that the key of Individual Psychology, identifying mistaken patterns, is the most important and worthwhile key, and we can guess much better that with other methods what is the mistake made in the childhood and how to correct it.
And so ladies and gentlemen, I come to the following conclusion: I discovered twenty years ago the inferiority complex which had proved to be a very worthwhile key for understanding human nature and personalities.
As I have explained, an individual is a unity from beginning of life and his style of life cannot be changed without understanding the mistakes made in the roots and these roots are lying in the family life in which each individual is formed and molded. So we can find that his great striving to overcome the difficulties of life.
His striving, going on from a feeling of inferiority and leading toward the goal of superiority, is always combined with a certain individual degree of social interest. We find in each expression in each movement of each individual how he has used his training for social interest and so when he meets later in life the problems which can be solved rightly only if they are really solved in a great social feeling then it will be decided if he is adjusted rightly or not.
So we find at last that all the failures in life, problem children, neurotic and psychotic persons, delinquents, drunkards, and so on are always lacking social interest, and it is not only this interest but in the same way they are also lacking courage in understanding the right training for the solution of the social problems.